Saudi history and geography book 2
History of Saudi Arabia - WikipediaThe king's official title is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. One of his male descendants rules the country today, as required by the country's Basic Law. Following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in , Saudi Arabia accepted the Kuwaiti royal family and , refugees while allowing Western and Arab troops to deploy on its soil for the liberation of Kuwait the following year. The continuing presence of foreign troops on Saudi soil after the liberation of Kuwait became a source of tension between the royal family and the public until all operational US troops left the country in Major terrorist attacks in May and November spurred a strong ongoing campaign against domestic terrorism and extremism.
Finding the Mountain of Moses: The Real Mount Sinai in Saudi Arabia
The Geography of Arabia
After the fall of the Roman Empire in the fifth century CE, the average European's knowledge of the world around them was limited to their local area and to maps provided by the religious authorities. The European global explorations of the fifteenth and sixteenth century would not likely have come as soon as they did, were it not for the important work of the translators and geographers of the Islamic world. The Islamic empire began to expand beyond the Arabian Peninsula after the death of the prophet and founder of Islam, Mohammed, in CE. Islamic leaders conquered Iran in and in , Egypt was under Islamic control. The Muslims were stopped from further expansion into Europe by their defeat at the Battle of Tours in France in
The Work Of A Nation. The Center of Intelligence.
Saudi Arabia , arid, sparsely populated kingdom of the Middle East. Extending across most of the northern and central Arabian Peninsula , Saudi Arabia is a young country that is heir to a rich history. This deep religious conservatism has been accompanied by a ubiquitous tribalism—in which competing family groups vie for resources and status—that often has made Saudi society difficult for outsiders to comprehend. In the midth century, most of Saudi Arabia still embraced a traditional lifestyle that had changed little over thousands of years. Since then, the pace of life in Saudi Arabia has accelerated rapidly. Modern methods of production have been superimposed on a traditional society by the introduction of millions of foreign workers and by the employment of hundreds of thousands of Saudis in nontraditional jobs.
The Arabian Peninsula has served as both a land bridge and a center for indigenous cultural development for hundreds of thousands of years. Its central location, with Africa to the west and Asia to the east, gave it a critical role in human history that can best be absorbed by a closer look at its geography. To elucidate the human history of the Arabian Peninsula, it is therefore beneficial to understand the most prominent features of the region. By way of a brief introduction, a few geographical terms will be defined and place names described. Map 1 identifies the locations of the most prominent features.